All posts by Kristina Valcheva

  • The ultimate tax guide for international students on OPT

    tax guide for students on OPT

    Are you an OPT/CPT program participant?

    While doing your taxes might not be the most exciting aspect of international student life in the US, the importance of filing your federal tax return correctly cannot be underestimated.

    With this in mind, we’ve created this handy tax guide for international students on OPT. Continue reading “The ultimate tax guide for international students on OPT” »

  • How to prepare the tax forms you need when you start a new job in the US

    tax forms when staring a new job in US

    Are you а nonresident starting a new job or CPT/OPT in the US?

    If that’s the case, congratulations!

    When you change jobs or start new employment in the US, there are important tax forms that you need to be aware of.

    These forms ensure you don’t pay too much tax, and claim any tax treaty benefits you’re due.

    In the US, you must fill out the forms correctly because otherwise, you may owe tax to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) when you file your tax return, and then end up owing additional penalties or fines on top of this. Continue reading “How to prepare the tax forms you need when you start a new job in the US” »

  • H1B签证报税——终极指南

    H1B签证报税

    关于H1B签证

    H1B 签证使具有专业知识的技术工人能够在美国居住三年(之后可以再延长三年),并为雇主工作。

    为了申请,您需要具备医学、科学、数学、信息技术、建筑、金融和会计等领域的专业知识和学士学位或同等工作经验。

    您可以在此处找到有关 H1B 签证资格、申请流程和签证期限的更多信息。

    H1B签证所得税义务

    H1B签证持有人的税率是多少?

    这个问题的答案取决于您的收入水平。

    如果您在美国以 H1B 的身份工作,您可以期望支付 20-40% 的工资作为联邦、州和地方税。

    这些税将包括:

    • 联邦所得税
    • 地方所得税(取决于您居住的地方)
    • 州所得税(取决于您居住的地方)
    • 联邦社会保障和医疗保险税(FICA)

    在美国居住期间,您还可能需要缴纳财产税、销售税、资本利得税、转让税、遗产税或遗产税、酒店或住宿税、汽油税等。

    Filing taxes on H1B visa

    联邦社会保障和医疗保险 (FICA)

    这些税是为退休提供的养老金和医疗保健。

    您的工资总额的 6.2% 将被扣除,用于社会保障和 1.45% 的医疗保险,并且您的雇主也将支付相同的金额。

    根据美国与您所在国家/地区签订的税收协定,在某些情况下,您可以在离开后获得社会保障。

    在此处了解有关非居民 FICA 免税的更多信息

     

    H1B 的联邦所得税

    如果您是非居民并持有 H1B 签证在美国工作,您将按照与美国公民相同的税率对您在美国的收入征税。您有义务提交美国纳税申报表(表格 1040NR),但您不能申请与美国公民相同的扣除额。

    如果您成为美国居民,您将可以享受这些扣除,但您的全球收入也将被收取费用。

    您的收入水平决定了税率,税率在 10% 到 39.6% 之间。美国实行累进制的“边际税率”。大多数 H1B 签证持有人支付其收入的 20-35%。

     

    2021 年联邦所得税等级

    税率 单身 已婚共同申报 已婚分开申报 主纳税人(户主
    10% $0 to $9,950 $0 to $19,990 $0 to $9,950 $0 to $14,200
    12% $9,951 to $40,525 $19,901 to $80,050 $9,951 to $40,525 $14,201 to $54,200
    22% $40,526 to $86,375 $80,051 to $172,750 $40,526 to $86,375 $54,201 to $86,350
    24% $86,375 to $164,925 $172,751 to $329,850 $86,376 to $164,925 $86,351 to $164,900
    32% $164,425 to $209,425 $329,851 to $418,850 $164,926 to $209,425 $164,901 to $209,400
    35% $209,426 to $523,600 $418,851 to $628,300 $209,426 to $314,150 $209,401 to $523,600
    37% $5123,601或更多 $628,301或更多 $314,151或更多 $523,601或更多


    州所得税

    您将支付多少完全取决于您工作所在的州。税款将由您的雇主代扣代缴。该税通常占您总收入的 0% 到 10%。这同样适用于公民和非公民。有些州没有个人所得税,比如怀俄明州、华盛顿州、阿拉斯加州、佛罗里达州、南达科他州、德克萨斯州和内华达州。更重要的是,田纳西州和新罕布什尔州仅在州一级对利息和股息征税。

    从 1 月到 4 月(在纳税季节),您需要提交州所得税申报表。您也可以申请延期并将截止日期更改为 10 月。

     

    我住在一个州,在另一个州工作。这对我的税收有何影响?

    在这种情况下,您可能需要在两个州提交纳税申报表,并且您通常会支付两个州税中较高的一个。

    好消息是 Sprintax 可以帮助您处理多州纳税申报表。如果您有任何疑问,可以随时与我们的 24/7 实时聊天支持联系

    H1B taxes

    H1B 报税

    通过实质性存在测试确定您的居留身份

    出于税收目的,有两种类型的外国人 – 居民和非居民外国人。为了报税,您必须通过实质居住测试来确定您的居住身份Sprintax Returns 可以为您完成这项工作。该测试按日历年逐年进行。

    居民外国人的全球收入与美国公民的征税方式相同,而非居民外国人仅对来自美国的收入征税。

    收集您的税务文件

    您将需要您的社会保障卡和所有税表,例如 W-2、1099 系列表格、投资损益表和其他收入信息。

    如果您是加拿大、墨西哥、韩国的居民或来自印度的学生或商业学徒,您可能有权申请美国居民的一些额外积分,如像儿童积分。如果您想申请任何居民税收减免,您必须用托儿收据、教育费用收据和其他适用的收据来支持您的申请。

    如何报税

    当您准备好所有必需的文件后,您可以继续提交纳税申报表。

    如果您是持有 H1B 工作签证的美国临时访客,您可以直接自己报税。或者,如果您需要帮助处理所有棘手的文书工作,Sprintax 可以为您准备所得税申报表!

    使用 Sprintax 准备您的美国非居民纳税申报表!

     

    我可以和我的配偶一起提交吗?

    如果您在纳税年度内结婚,如果你们都是非居民外国人,则您不能选择与您的配偶共同报税,并且已婚非居民外国人身份也被视为单身。

    这意味着您的配偶具有与您相同的申报义务。

    Do H1B holders pay taxes

    我可以在我的纳税申报表上申报受抚养人吗?

    非居民不得在纳税申报表上申报受抚养人。但是,如果满足某些条件,加拿大、墨西哥、韩国的居民和来自印度的一些商业学徒或学生可以为其家庭成员申请儿童税收抵免。

    如果您想申请受抚养人,您必须使用表格 1040 NR 提交申请,因为表格 1040NR-EZ 无法获得豁免。

     

    谁可以帮助我进行 H1B 报税?

    如果您是在美国持有 H1B 签证的非居民外国人,Sprintax 可以帮助您电子提交联邦纳税申报表并准备您的州纳税申报表。

    只需创建您的帐户,几分钟后,您就可以完成纳税申报表了!

    使用 Sprintax,您可以:

    • 轻松地以线上方式提交您的联邦纳税申报表并准备您的州申报表,因为 Sprintax 是唯一适用于非居民的在线软件
    • 资深的代理商24/7服务
    • 获得最大的退税并享受每项税收权利

    税收可以很有趣!

    使用 Sprintax 在线完成您的 1040NR!

  • La guía fiscal definitiva para los participantes en el programa de visas J-1

    The ultimate US tax guide for J-1 participants

    Decenas de miles de personas acuden a Estados Unidos con visas J-1 cada año.

    Todos los participantes en el programa de visas J-1 tienen la obligación de presentar sus impuestos. ¡Es la ley!

    Muchos titulares de visados J-1 se sienten confundidos por la a menudo complicada jerga fiscal estadounidense.

    Sin embargo, no es tan malo como parece, y conocer, aunque sea un poco sus requisitos de declaración puede ser de gran ayuda.

    Con esto en mente, hemos creado una entrada en el blog que responderá algunas preguntas comunes de los participantes en el programa de visas J-1 en los Estados Unidos. Continue reading “La guía fiscal definitiva para los participantes en el programa de visas J-1” »

  • How to File Prior-Year Tax Returns as a Nonresident Alien

    File previous year tax return

    People do not file their taxes for a variety of reasons. Perhaps you forgot or were unaware that you had to file. Perhaps you had a hefty tax bill that you could not cover.

    Whatever the reason, if you did not file your tax return by the deadline, you should do it as soon as possible. Otherwise, you risk being hit by fines, and you can jeopardize your future visa applications.

    As a nonresident, you probably know that you have the obligation to file a tax return if you were in the US for just one day, and even if you did not earn any income in order to stay compliant with your visa tax commitment.

    This guide will outline everything you need to know as a nonresident if you did not file your prior-year tax return(s). So, keep reading!

    Continue reading “How to File Prior-Year Tax Returns as a Nonresident Alien” »

  • Which tax forms does Sprintax Calculus support?

    Tax forms supported by Sprintax Calculus

    Sprintax Calculus is a secure hassle-free online software, which will help your institution to manage tax compliance for each of your nonresidents.

    In this guide, we are going to take a closer look at the many tax forms which can be prepared for your nonresidents using Sprintax Calculus. Continue reading “Which tax forms does Sprintax Calculus support?” »

  • 5 Painful payroll problems Sprintax Calculus instantly solves for educational institutions

    Sprintax Calculus solves payroll problems

    Properly documenting and withholding the right amount of tax from nonresidents has become an increasingly important issue for educational institutions.

    International students come from a variety of different countries and spend different amounts of time in the US. So how can you manage all of your international students from a tax perspective when no ‘one-size-fits-all’ rule applies?

    Sprintax Calculus (formerly Sprintax TDS) is a tool that ensures nonresidents are taxed correctly from their first day working in the US – guaranteeing that the right amount of tax is withheld from their earnings and reported to the IRS. Continue reading “5 Painful payroll problems Sprintax Calculus instantly solves for educational institutions” »

  • How to Pay International Student Fees in the US

    How to pay International tuition fees

    Hey international students in the US! Got a college tuition payment coming up? Here’s how to transfer your fees the easy way

    Picture this.

    You’re busy taking notes during an important university lecture.

    And then your phone lights up.

    ‘Bing!’

    It’s time to pay your college fees.

    But as an international student, dealing with currency exchange and bank transfer fees can be a real headache.

    Don’t worry. We’ve put together this simple guide to help you pay your fees the easy way.

    (PSST: If you stick around to the end, we’ll even share some great tips to save you money on your tuition payments.) Continue reading “How to Pay International Student Fees in the US” »

  • What income is taxable for nonresident aliens in the US?

    Taxable income of nonresident aliens

    Are you a nonresident living in the US? We know it can be confusing to understand the tax system in your home country, let alone in a different one, so we are here to help explain what income is taxable for nonresidents in the US.

    As a foreign national you can be subject to one of two different systems of taxation in the US, depending on whether you are classified as a nonresident or resident alien in the US.

    If you are a nonresident alien, you are subject to US income tax only on your US source income and just like residents, you must report your income on US income tax returns.

    In this guide, we are going to take a closer look at the various different types of income which are taxable in the US and outline our tips on managing your tax requirements.
    Continue reading “What income is taxable for nonresident aliens in the US?” »

  • Todo lo que un extranjero no residente de EE.UU. debe saber sobre el segundo cheque de estímulo

    el segundo cheque de estimulo

    ¿Recibiste los $600 del IRS? Esto es lo que debes saber

    A fines de diciembre, el gobierno de EE.U. autorizó al IRS a repartir la segunda ronda de pagos del ‘Economic Impact Payment’ a los contribuyentes – vía cuentas bancarias y cheques.

    El Coronavirus Response and Relief Supplemental Appropriations Act proporciona un pago de hasta $600 por persona elegible.

    Este es el segundo ‘stimulus payment’ liberado por el gobierno de EE.UU. y le sigue a los $1,200 CARES Act payment, que fue emitido en abril.

    Sin embargo, si recibiste el pago de $600 por parte del IRS, es importante tener en cuenta que no necesariamente tendrías derecho a él.
    Continue reading “Todo lo que un extranjero no residente de EE.UU. debe saber sobre el segundo cheque de estímulo” »

  • Filing taxes on H1B visa – the Ultimate guide

    H1B visa tax filing

    Last updated on 10.01.22

    About H1B visa

    The H1B visa enables skilled workers with specialized expertise to live in the US for three years (later it can be extended for another three years), and work for a sponsoring employer.

    In order to apply, you need specialized knowledge and a bachelor’s degree or equivalent work experience in areas such as medicine, science, mathematics, information technology, architecture, finance, and accounting.
    Continue reading “Filing taxes on H1B visa – the Ultimate guide” »

  • FICA tax explained for nonresident aliens

    FICA tax exemption nonresidents

    The Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) is the means by which social security and medicare are funded in the US.

    FICA also provides benefits to children who have lost their working parents, widows and widowers, and disabled workers who qualify for benefits.

    For self-employed people, there is an equivalent law called SECA (Self-employed Contributions Act).

    Contributions to FICA are deducted from employee income. Many workers in the US will notice FICA being deducted from their income each time they receive their paycheck. Continue reading “FICA tax explained for nonresident aliens” »

  • Why are my federal wages different from my state wages?

    Federal wages differing from state wages

    (Updated for 2021)

    When preparing your tax return you will need to include some details from your income documents about the money you earned and taxes you paid in the US.

    While it is not unusual for there to be differences between the taxation of federal and state income, it can be tricky for nonresidents to file their taxes in such cases.
    The easiest way to prepare your tax documents online is by using Sprintax Returns (formerly Sprintax Tax Preparation)- the nonresident alien tax return software.

    In this guide, we’re going to outline how you can enter your payment and tax details by completing Step 3 of the Sprintax tax prep process and what to do if you receive an error alert relating to your federal and state income. Continue reading “Why are my federal wages different from my state wages?” »

  • How to track the processing of your North Carolina state tax return?

    Track North Carolina state tax return

    North Carolina is one of the 43 states in America that taxes its residents’ individual income.

    You must file a state tax return if you are a nonresident alien and your income from North Carolina sources is greater than $0.

    If you have already filed your North Carolina state tax return ahead of the 17 May 2021 tax filing deadline, you may want to follow the progress of your return and the processing of your tax refund.

    In this guide, we’re going to show you exactly how you can track your return and let you know what to do if you have not yet filed your taxes.
    Continue reading “How to track the processing of your North Carolina state tax return?” »

  • U.S. entry and exit dates – how to check your travel history

    How to check US travel history

    In order to prepare your US tax documents, you will need to know the exact dates on which you traveled in or out of the US.

    However, if you don’t know your travel history and you need to double-check the exact entry and exit dates, the good news is that you can easily do this online.

    The US Customs and Border Protection (USCBP) keeps a record of all nonresidents who travel to the country over the past 5 years.

    These documents also include the reason for their travel and the dates of their previous visits to the US.

    In this post, we will discuss how to track all your travel history paperwork. Continue reading “U.S. entry and exit dates – how to check your travel history” »